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Are tortillas vegetarian?

vegetable salad on white ceramic plate

Are tortillas vegetarian?

What are tortillas?

Tortillas are a staple food in Mexican cuisine and have gained popularity worldwide. They are thin, flatbreads made from corn or wheat flour and are commonly used to make tacos, burritos, enchiladas, and quesadillas. Tortillas have a versatile nature and can be filled with various ingredients, making them a favorite among vegetarians and vegans.

Types of tortillas

There are two main types of tortillas: corn tortillas and flour tortillas. The ingredients used in each type determine their suitability for vegetarians.

Corn tortillas

Corn tortillas are traditionally made from masa harina, a type of corn flour. They have been a staple in Mexican cuisine for centuries and are naturally gluten-free. Corn tortillas are suitable for vegetarians as they are made solely from corn, water, and lime. However, some commercially produced corn tortillas may contain additional ingredients, such as preservatives or additives, so it is essential to check the label.

Flour tortillas

Flour tortillas are made from wheat flour, water, fat (such as lard or vegetable shortening), salt, and baking powder. The use of fat in flour tortillas can vary, and this is where the vegetarian aspect comes into play. Traditional flour tortillas are made with lard, which is derived from animal fat, making them unsuitable for vegetarians. However, many modern recipes and commercially available options use vegetable shortening instead of lard, making them vegetarian-friendly.

Vegetarian-friendly tortillas

For those following a vegetarian diet, it is essential to choose tortillas that align with their dietary preferences. Here are some options:

  • Homemade tortillas: Making tortillas from scratch allows you to control the ingredients and ensure they are vegetarian-friendly. By using corn tortillas or substituting lard with vegetable shortening in flour tortillas, you can create a vegetarian version.
  • Store-bought options: Many brands offer vegetarian-friendly tortillas. Check the ingredient list to ensure they do not contain animal-derived fats or additives.
  • Specialty tortillas: Some specialty tortillas cater specifically to vegetarian and vegan diets. These tortillas are often made with alternative ingredients, such as chickpea flour or spinach, providing additional nutritional benefits.

Common misconceptions

There are a few misconceptions surrounding the vegetarian status of tortillas. Let’s address them:

All corn tortillas are vegetarian

While corn tortillas are typically vegetarian, it is essential to read the label or inquire about the ingredients, especially when purchasing commercially produced tortillas. Some brands may add non-vegetarian additives or preservatives.

All flour tortillas contain lard

While traditional flour tortillas are made with lard, many modern recipes and store-bought options use vegetable shortening instead. Always check the ingredient list to ensure the tortillas are vegetarian-friendly.

All tortillas are vegan

While corn tortillas can be vegan-friendly, flour tortillas often contain dairy products, such as milk or butter. It is crucial to check the ingredient list or choose specifically labeled vegan tortillas if following a vegan diet.


Tortillas can be a delicious and versatile option for vegetarians, but it is important to be mindful of the ingredients used. By choosing corn tortillas or opting for vegetarian-friendly flour tortillas, individuals can enjoy this traditional Mexican staple without compromising their dietary preferences. Reading labels and exploring specialty options can further enhance the vegetarian experience with tortillas.